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Navigation Annotations

ANNOTATIONS – NAVIGATION
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ANNOTATIONS
Program: NAVIGATION
Professional orientation: TRANSPORT, NAVIGATION AND AVIATION
Professional qualification: ENGINEER-NAVIGATION
Academic degree: BACHELOR
Form of Study: FULL-TIME
Term of Study: 4 years / 8 semesters
Discipline “Higher Mathematics, part 1”, code (1)
The present course introduce the students to the basic notions and methods how to solve problems
concerning the following areas of mathematics: matrices, determinants, matrix equations, systems
of linear equations, operations with vectors, equations of straight lines and planes, second order
plane curves and surfaces, differential calculus of functions of one independent variable, spherical
geometry and trigonometry.
It has been built on the basic knowledge of high school mathematics and supplies other disciplines
(like mathematics part 2, physics, theoretical electrical engineering, technical mechanics etc.) with
necessary information to be used to.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
· Linear algebra
· Analytical geometry
· Differential calculus of functions of one variable
· Spherical trigonometry
Content presentation: lectures, seminars and tutorials
Discipline “Computer Science and Computer Technology”, code (2)
This subject is intended to introduce students to modern computer systems and related types of
information technologies. It gives basic knowledge in computer science, hardware and operating
system software of personal computers. The subject teaches MS Windows integrated operational
environment, computer graphics, computer text processing, electronic tables and diagrams –
Microsoft Excel, presentations on Microsoft PowerPoint, computer networks.
Laboratory exercises aim at forming the necessary practical skills of students when they use
computer systems.
The universal nature of the present study makes it practically open regarding its connection with
each consequent subject in the teaching syllabus of the major.
Course main divisions:
• Use of Microsoft Word;
• Use of Microsoft Excel;
• Use of Microsoft PowerPoint;
• Use of INTERNET.
Discipline “Commodity Science”, code (3)
The subject Commodity Science aims to give knowledge about the consumer value of goods
transported mainly by water transport and their proper storage. The main purpose of the course is
to give information about goods’ classification, assortment, standardization, quality, packaging,
marking and preservation as well as origin of goods, technology of production, properties, quality
indicators, storage requirements, physical, chemical and biochemical changes due to improper
storage.
Course main divisions:
• Introduction in Commodity science – fundamentals
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• Commodity Sci. of industrial goods
• Commodity Sci. of food goods
Discipline “Engineer Graphics”, code (4)
The discipline aims to teach students in order details of computer graphic, especially ACAD system
and its implementation when making a project of a ship and naval facilities. The discipline includes :
common structure of AutoCAD, details of graphic primitives, 2D and 3D objects.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
Content presentation: Lectures and laboratory exercises with AutoCAD.
Discipline “First Air”, code (5)
The subject ” First Air ” for Navigation students aims at familiarizing and training the future
specialists in rendering emergency first-aid medical assistance to injured crew members or
passengers, as well as assessing the implications of already present diseases or accidents onboard
ships where there is no professional doctor available.
Having the knowledge of the basic anatomical and physiological characteristics of the human body,
the person rendering first aid (in this case the ship’s Navigator) must be able to attend to diseases
and conditions so much so that prior to the arrival of a professional doctor, the injured will have
received adequate care relevant to the disease, without endangering the life of others, including the
life of the first-aider or worsening the condition of the patient. Through lectures and laboratory
exercises, the Navigators are acquainted with those cardiovascular, pulmonary, digestive and
urinary system diseases requiring urgent intervention by a non-medical person for the purpose of
preserving the patient’s life. Incidents such as traumas, fractures, poisonings, bites, burns, frostbite,
heat and sunstrokes, acute and chronic bleeding require urgent and adequate intervention to help
the victim before any professional medical assistance is provided. Acute and chronic diseases
involving pain and suffering as well as unconscious conditions also require adequate intervention
before a professional doctor arrives or until the condition has been dealt with without the need for
professional medical assistance. The training includes knowledge of the basic pharmacological
groups of drugs as well as the required medical equipment available onboard different ships.
Primary topics in the training include:
– diseases
– accidents
– damage
Discipline “English, part 1”, code (6)
The subject introduces the students to basic introductory topics of maritime English related to
ship’s operation, ship’s construction, ship’s gear, type of merchant ships, ports, cargoes and ship
and port cargo-handling facilities. It also introduces typical maritime terminology so that acquired
theoretical knowledge to be applied in practice and practical skills for reading comprehension and
translation of specialized English texts to be built up. The subject aims at delivering to the students
of Navigation course theoretical knowledge of grammar in general English context which to be used
as a basis for creating skills for audio comprehension of English texts (developing listening skills) as
well as to prepare them to lead conversations so they can further apply acquired theoretical
knowledge and practical skills in everyday oral and written communication in English language.
Students receive clarification about the importance of IMO SMCP for the maritime practice and
training, how the phrases are organized and their basic communicative characteristics. Students are
familiarized with the International Maritime Alphabet and message markers used in IMO SMCP.
The syllabus complies with the recommendations of the IMO Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Introduction to Maritime English
• Grammar
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Discipline “ Specialized Sport Activities, part 1”, code (7a)
The discipline is connected with swimming training by specific swimming exercises for maintain
the health status of the students. The given theoretic and training potential gives students skills on
swimming styles and especially freestyle stroke. There is an entrance level provided for physical
capabilities of the students educated. The teaching program consists of 30 hours exercises in a
swimming pool.
Main parts of content :
– Theoretic and methodic knowledge
– Special physical training
– Technical and tactic training
– Psychological and will training.
Discipline “ Sport and Social Adaptation, part 1”, code (7b)
The education program on Sport and Social Adaptation Part 2 lays in education plan for Bachelor
degree of all subjects. The program is intended for students who are obliged to select in 1-st year of
education due to physical deceases and health problems. The lectures material is in two semesters
and covers topics of basics of sport as a factor of good psychical and physical health and its
influence to effective social adaptation.
Main parts of content :
– Sport
– Social adaptation
– The place of sport for an effective social adaptation.
Discipline “Higher Mathematics, part 2”, code (8)
The syllabus of Higher Mathematics-part 2 uses the knowledge which is obtained from the course of
Higher Mathematics-part 1. It contains the following sections: integral calculus, ordinary
differential equations, infinite series, function of a complex variable, theory of probability. The aim
is to define the considered notions and their applications in the next topics of the course and in the
engineering disciplines. Systems of computer algebra are used in the laboratory classes. These
modern forms of education give students the opportunity to learn mathematics easily and consider
it from another point of view.
Discipline “Seamanship”, code (9)
The subject “Seamanship” is included in the curriculum of the “Navigation” – the educational
degree “bachelor”. The primary purpose of the education of seamanship is to make familiar the
students with the construction of the ship hull, rigging and spar, the ship’s systems and devices and
to prepare them for their extensive research study in specific subjects. After the learning it the
students must:
Know
– constructional elements of the hull and their purpose
– general systems, ensure its operating and survivability
– the main features of ship
– basic materials used in shipbuilding
– the methods to protect the hull from corrosion
Can
– to use the ship’s rigging
– to entangle the main maritime nodes
– to use the individual and the collective rescue equipment
Be able
-to manage the corrosion fighting of the hull
– to manage the deck machinery using
The subject „Seamanship“ ensure the following subjects:
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– Navigation training
– Ship power plants
– Organization of the watch keeping and labor protection
– Ship theory
– Navigation – 1 part
– Technical means of the navigation
– Methods and means for environmental protection
Discipline “Technical Mechanics”, code (10)
The subject “Technical Mechanics” consists of 4 parts: statics, strength of materials, kinematics and
dynamics. The Statics classes discuss the methods of reduction and conditions for equilibrium of a
force system. The conditions for equilibrium are used to determine the structural response of
structures. The Strength of Materials lessons are a continuation of statics involving the methods of
strength measuring for the main strengths: tensile strength, compressive strength, twisting,
bending and a combination of them. The Kinematics classes provide information on the basic
movements of the solid body: translation, rotation, and plane. The Dynamics examines methods for
the movement of a mechanical system.
Each student receives an individual assignment, which must be prepared and defended within a
deadline.
A prerequisite for the successful training in the subject is knowledge of certain sections of
mathematics: vector calculus, differential and integral calculus and differential equations.
Primary topics in the training include:
– Statics
– Strength of materials
– Kinematics
– Dynamics
Discipline “Physics”, code (11)
General Physics is a fundamental discipline, the basis of all applied technical sciences. Physical
knowledge is of crucial importance for the future engineer –navigator. The course includes the
major parts of Classical Physics- mechanics, thermodynamics, electrodynamics, oscillations and
waves and also basic ideas of Modern Physics-relativistic and quantum mechanics, atomic and
nuclear physics.
Course main divisions:
• CLASSICAL MECHANICS
• PERIODICAL PROCESSES
• THERMODYNAMICS
• ELECTROMAGNETIC PHENOMENA
• OPTICS
• SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
• BASIC OF QUANTUM MECHANICS AND ATOMIC PHYSICS
• NUCLEAR PHYSICS
Discipline “Basic Training on Safety Issues”, code (12)
The subject “Basic Training on Safety Issues” is included in the curriculum of the “Navigation”
specialty – bachelor degree. The general purpose of education is that the students have to know the
requirements of regulatory documents, ship documentation and safety rules.
Main sections of the content:
• Organization of the ship service
• Organization of labor protection
• Labor Safety Technique in Performance of Functional Tasks Check Sheets
• Safety and quality management. Documents and procedures
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Discipline “ English, part 2 ”, code (13)
The subject continues to introduce the students to basic introductory topics of maritime English
related to ship’s arrival in port and her departure, procedures for berthing and unberthing,
anchoring, mooring operations, pilotage; basic knowledge for main navigation terms, methods and
instruments is taught; introductory information about weather conditions and their elements as
part of preparing weather forecasts; OOW responsibilities; types of emergencies on board and the
type of equipment and its position ensuring the safety of crew and passengers; introductory
information about buoyage systems, lights and shapes. Students continue to use IMO SMCP related
to the performance of different types of communications, topically organized. The subject
introduces the typical maritime terminology so that the acquired theoretical knowledge to be
applied and practical skills for reading –comprehension and translation of specialized maritime
English texts to be built up. The subject continues to deliver to the students of Navigation course
theoretical knowledge of grammar in general English context which to be used as a basis for
consolidating skills for audio comprehension of English texts (developing listening skills) as well as
to prepare them to lead conversations so they can further apply acquired theoretical knowledge
and practical skills in everyday oral and written communication in English language. The syllabus
complies with the recommendations of the IMO Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Introduction to Maritime English
• Grammar
Discipline “ Specialized Sport Activities, part 2”, code (14a)
The education program on Sport swimming suggests for specific swimming skills and the
theoretical knowledge for health status gives also skills for better swimming capabilities. Special
attention is pointed to basis tendentious in different styles when starting and finishing. Training
backstroke freestyle.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
· Theoretical and methodical knowledge
· Common physical training
· Special Physical training
· Technical and tactical training
· Psychological an will training.
Discipline “ Sport and Social Adaptation, part 2”, code (14b)
The education program on Sport and Social Adaptation Part 2 lays in education plan for Bachelor
degree of all subjects. The program is intended for students who are obliged to select in 1-st year of
education due to physical deceases and health problems. The lectures material is in two semesters
and covers topics of basics of sport as a factor of good psychical and physical health and its
influence to effective social adaptation.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
· Sport
· Social Adaptation
· The place of sport for an effective social adaptation.
Discipline “ Navigation Training, part 1”, code (15)
Students from the major of Navigation are introduced to the organization of the work onboard a
ship and the normative documents regulating it, the ship standing orders and the duties of the crew
while performing them, with the order and life aboard. Students learn the basic elements, tasks and
responsibilities related to the Safety Management and Quality System on board a ship in
compliance with the requirements of ISM code and ISO 9002 standard
Basic sections:
• Basic principles of ship’s organization.
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• Watch keeping.
• Life onboard, personnel safety and technical safety.
• General arrangements of the ship, ship systems, machinery and equipment
Discipline “ International Marine Conventions”, code (16)
The students are acquainted with the main aspects providing shipping safety and protecting the
marine environment.
The following conventions are examined STCW-78/95, SOLAS, MARPOL and other acts.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
– The students are acquainted with the main conventions and agreements, which form the
regulatory base of the shipping;
– The base conditions of the conventions are examined. The purpose of the conventions and the way
of control and reports etc.
Discipline “Leadership and Teamwork”, code (17)
The purpose of the Leadership and Teamwork program is to introduce students to modern
understanding and basic methodological approaches, specific practices in the field of leadership
and team development in the organization. Attention is given both to improving students’
theoretical views and to acquiring practical skills for self-management and efficiency, team
inspiration, motivation, decision-making, conflict management, assertiveness and counseling.
Main issues of the syllabus content :
• Basic leadership theories;
• Modern approaches to leadership;
• Leadership style and the ability to provide a competitive advantage to the organization;
• Groups and group functioning.
• Stages in Group Development. Manage the process.
• Team building and development.
Discipline “Means and Methods of Environmental Preservation”, code (18)
The students are trained in the basic principles to ensure marine environmental protection and
marine pollution prevention – normative basis, organization, methods of marine pollution
prevention.
Basic sections:
• normative basis of the problem
• organization, methods and means of marine pollution prevention
• operational requirements of the ship to avoid marine pollution
• ship organization for action in emergency in cases of oil spills
• port organization for ensuring the cleanness of the harbour areas
Discipline “Safety of Navigation”, code (19)
The students get acquainted with the basic principles for ensuring the safety of navigation and
marine environmental cleanness protection. The relevant conventions STCW-78/95, SOLAS,
MARPOL and other normative acts and regulations are being taught.
Basic sections:
– normative basis of the problem
– national and international legislation regulating the safety of navigation, conventions, codes,
decrees and regulations;
– ship organization for the safe performance of on board activities and care of the persons on
board – watches, duties, responsibilities when carrying different cargoes and marine pollution
prevention, fire protection, buoyancy, operation of the life-saving appliances, medical assistance;
– port safety organization – fire protection, when handling dangerous goods, harbor areas
cleanness protection;
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– organization, methods and means of marine pollution prevention
Discipline “Electrical Engineering and Electronics”, code (20)
The subject “Electrical Engineering and Electronics” (EEE) is the study of basic physical processes
in electrical equipment, analysis of electrical and electronic systems, introduction to methods and
tools for measuring electrical, magnetic and non-electrical quantities and formation of practical
skills for their application using special models and programs; familiarization with the principle of
operation and characteristics of the main groups of electromechanical and electronic devices and
building skills for selecting and sizing of individual components.
The “EE” course requires student knowledge of mathematics and physics.
Main sections of content:
• Electromagnetic field
• Electrical circuits;
• Magnetic circuits and transformers;
• Electrical machinery;
• Measurements in electrical engineering;
• Electronics.
Discipline “English, part 3”, code (21)
The aim of the course is to acquaint the students of Navigation with the basic maritime terminology
so that they could build practical skills for reading comprehension and translation of original texts
in Maritime English related to accidents at sea. Excerpts from the International Convention for
Preventing Collisions at Sea are also studied which aims at acquiring the necessary terminology.
Grammar exercises are provided to review the language skills developed during the first two
semesters. The syllabus elaboration takes into account the recommendations of the IMO Model
Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Reporting accidents at sea and on board due to noncompliance with the safety regulations
and requirements
• Terminology associated with the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea
• Revision of grammar
Discipline “Specialized Sport Activities, part 3”, code (22a)
Discipline “Sport Management, part 1”, code (22b)
Discipline “Meteorology and Oceanography ”, code (23)
This subject aims at helping students with theoretical and practical knowledge of the basic
phenomena and processes taking place in the atmosphere and the ocean and influencing the sailing;
to introduce them to ways of carrying out meteorological observations onboard, analysis and
practical use of meteorological information and weather forecasts received on board ship, as well
as local weather conditions; defining elements of tides and currents.
Basic sections:
Meteorology
Oceanography
Discipline “Navigation I, part 1”, code (24)
Basic sections of the contents:
• Models of the Earth. Principal points, lines and planes used for orientation at the Earth
surface
• Methods for determination of the directions at sea
• Methods for determination of the ship’s speed and run distance
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• Aids to navigation of the sea and ocean theatres
• Projections for charts, nautical charts and their use
• Calculation of the ship’s coordinates under different by complexity sailing conditions
Discipline “Ship Theory And Structure”, code (25)
Basic sections:
• Transport characteristics of cargoes.
• Regulating the microclimate in cargo holds.
• Shipping of bulk cargoes.
• Shipping of general cargoes.
• Special regime cargoes.
• Shipping of unitized cargo units.
• Basic technologies on the tanker exploitation of the tankers.
• Making calculations in cargo operation of the ship. Cargo stowage plan.
The subject studies the sum of specific properties featuring transport characteristic of cargoes,
shipped at sea.
Students gain knowledge necessary for ensuring safe sea passage without accidents during
shipping of different types of cargo. As a result of knowledge gained from the subject students
should be capable of making calculations for drawing up of ship cargo plans.
Discipline “English, part 4”, code (26)
The course aims at providing students with theoretical knowledge of maritime terminology as well
as building skills for reading comprehension and translation of excerpts from Guides to Port Entry
which are present on the bridge of most merchant ships. The course aims at familiarizing students
with basic terms associated with certain publications of the British Admiralty as well as building
skills in reading comprehension and translation of Pilot Books, Notices to Mariners, Admiralty Lists
of Lights and Fog Signals, Admiralty Lists of Radio Signals and other nautical publications used by
seafarers. The information and terminology present in the Admiralty charts are studied as well. The
syllabus elaboration takes into account the recommendations of the IMO Model Course 3.17
Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Information and Terminology from Guide to Port Entry
• Information and Terminology from Navigational Charts
• Information and Terminology from Sailing Directions
• Information and Terminology from Mariner’s Handbook, Notices to Mariners, List of Lights
and Fog Signals, List of Radio Signals
Discipline “Specialized Sport Activities, part 4”, code (27a)
Discipline “Sport Management, part 2”, code (27b)
Discipline “ Navigation Training, part 2”, code (28)
The sailing practice is conducted in accordance with the requirements of the International
Convention on Standards of Training and Certification of Seafarers – STCW78/95 as amended and
Ordinance 6, issued by the Maritime Administration of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The training objectives of the sailing practice are achieved during the mandatory deep sea voyage
for a period of not less than 3 months.
The sailing practice is an obligatory part of the training of Navigation students at the Technical
University -Varna and during its course students must acquire skills and habits and be able to
perform the duties of a watch keeping officer.
Primary topics in the training include:
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– Navigation tasks
– Astronomical tasks
– Cargo stowage tasks
– Practical Training Logbook Sections 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
– Navigation
– Cargo Loading Operations
– Ship Operation and Caring for Persons on Board
Discipline “Navigation I, part 2”, code (29)
Students are introduced to the theory of navigational concepts, the basic principles of navigating
under different navigational and hydro-meteorological conditions using all technical measuring for
navigation and navigation systems, navigation systems and complexes for ensuring safety of
navigation and reliability of the voyage at sea. Dead reckoning of ship’s coordinates is also
reviewed.
Basic sections:
• GENERAL POINTS, LINES AND PLANES FOR ORIENTATION OF THE SHIP ON THE EARTH’S
SURFACE.
• DETERMINATION THE DIRECTIONS AT SEA
• DETERMINING THE SPEED AND DISTANCE BY SHIP
• MEANS FOR NAVIGATION EQUIPMENT FOR SEA AND OCEAN ZONES
• CARTOGRAPHIC PROJECTION
• DEAD RECKONING OF THE SHIP’S COORDINATES
• THEORY OF THE LINE OF POSITION
• ACCURACY OF THE NAVIGATIONAL MEASUREMENTS
• DETERMINATION OF THE SHIP’S POSITION
• ESTIMATION OF THE ACCURACY OF THE DETERMINED POSITION OF THE SHIP
• SAILING ACCURACY
• DETERMINING THE MOST PROBABLE POSITION OF THE SHIP UPON THE EXISTENCE OF
SEVERAL POSITIONS REDUCED TO ONE MOMENT
Discipline “ Ship’s Operation and Cargo Handling, part 1”, code (30)
The discipline deals with the study of the particulars and capabilities of the ship as a means of
transport, the safety and efficiency requirements in passage planning, the consistency in
formulating the ship’s stowage plan and providing the seaworthiness of the ship during the voyage.
Students are given the knowledge necessary to ensure the safe navigation of the ship without any
emergencies in the carriage of different types of cargo in view of the ship’s stability, strength and
overall sailing capacity, as well as the most efficient use of the ship’s load capacity under different
operating conditions. As a result of the study of the discipline, students are able to estimate the
effect of cargoes, including heavy lifts, on the navigability, seaworthiness and stability of the ship.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
• Draft, trim and stability
• Cargo Securing
• Deck Cargo
• Cargo in containers
• Bulk cargoes
• Carriage of grain in bulk
Discipline “Damage Control on Board the Ship”, code (31)
Students from the major of Navigation are introduced to ship’s emergency organization, , ship’s
contingency plans and crewmembers’ duties on their carrying out, organization of emergency
rescue operation. They study basic elements, tasks and responsibilities concerning Safety and
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Quality Management System onboard the ship according to requirements of ISM Code and ISO 9002
standard.
Basic sections:
• General issues of ship theory
• Fighting for unsinkability of the ship.
• Fire and explosion safety of the ship. Firefighting onboard the ship.
• Ship’s emergency organization.
• Emergency and rescue operations at sea.
Discipline “ Pilotage and Hydrography”, code (32)
This subject is intended to teach the students of Navigation the theory and construction of the
navigational equipment of the sea route, the order of making hydrographic surveys and the
methods applied, the principle and organization to ensure the safety of navigation and the
responsibilities of the people involved. As a result after completion of the course students should be
able to plan ship’s passages, carry out hydrographic surveys, plot coastal lines and use and
constantly update charts, guides and navigational aids.
Basic sections:
– navigational aids used for sea routes;
– use of charts and navigational aids for sea routes;
– maneuvering boards and charts used for hydrographic research;
– carrying out hydrographic research.
Discipline “English, part 5”, code (33)
The subject aims to develop students’ practical skills in making up witness statements on various
accidents at sea by developing their written culture in a specialized context. For this purpose,
revision of the past tenses in the English language in a maritime context is included, the reasons
and circumstances for writing a witness statement are explained, the structure of a witness
statement is presented, a revision of terms is made and knowledge of terms is enhanced in the
process of writing, related to accidents on board and at sea. The syllabus complies with the
recommendations of the IMO Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Revision of past tenses in a maritime context
• Explaining the reasons and circumstances for writing a Witness Statement. Presenting the
structure of a Witness Statement
• Making up witness statements on behalf of a ship’s mate on the basis of marine accidents.
Revision and enhancing the knowledge of terminology related to accidents at sea and on board in
the process of writing
Discipline “Ship Power Plants”, code (34)
The subject “Ship power plants” is included in the curriculum of the “Navigation” specialty –
bachelor degree The main objective of the training in ship power plants is to familiarize students
with the purpose, structure and principle of action of the elements of the ship power plants,
composition and operation of the ship propulsion complex, the organization of the technical
operation of the ships
Main sections of the content:
• ship power plants
• marine diesel engines
• ship auxiliary machinery
Discipline “Astronavigation”, code (35)
The purpose of the subject is to prepare students – navigators about the natural laws of visible
movement of celestial bodies, ephemerid astronomy, systems of tie measurement, theory and
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practice of the astronomical observations and methods of finding ship’s position and compass error
astronomically. As a result of studying of the subject the students must be able to work with
astronomical instruments and tools and to know the common and the special cases of finding ship’s
position and compass error by celestial bodies.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Spherical coordinates of the luminaries;
• Visible movement of the luminaries;
• Ephemerides of the luminaries;
• Astronomical instruments and devices used in navigation;
• Correcting of the altitudes of the luminaries;
• Celestial navigation. Fixing ship’s position.
• Finding compass error.
Discipline “Technical Aids to Navigation”, code (36)
The subject aims at teaching the students the theory, structure and rule of operation of the
technical aids of navigation, types of errors and their indications and ways to eliminate and
determine them. As a result the students should be able to check and adjust the equipment aboard
the ship.
Basic sections:
1. Main idea of acoustic theory;
2. Concepts of acoustic logs;
3. Concepts of ships absolute speed measure instruments;
4. Concepts of ships radio Doppler logs ;
5. Concepts of shore systems for safe berthing.
6. Determining deviation of magnetic compasses;
7. Eliminating types of deviation of magnetic compasses;
8. Applied theory of gyroscopes;
9. Gyroscopes with autonomous sensitive elements and influence of ship maneuvering factors
on its accuracy.
Discipline “English, part 6”, code (37)
The subject aims to introduce students to the key factors in cargo operations, ensuring the safety of
the ship and crew. The issues of packaging, marking, handling, stowage and securing of cargo are
discussed. Information is introduced about the most important cargo documents which are used in
relation to loading and discharging the cargo. An emphasis is put on the use by students of the IMO
Standard Marine Communication Phrases related to cargo and cargo handling. The subject aims to
introduce specific terminology and to develop skills for reading comprehension of texts in cargo
work and develop skills in oral communication using IMO SMCP. Dialogues are made simulating
communication between ship and shore personnel in relation to ship loading / unloading
operations. The subject introduces the work on making up a sea protest with the task to develop
students’ practical writing skills. The syllabus complies with the recommendations of the IMO
Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Cargo Work
• Explaining the reasons and circumstances for writing a Sea Protest. Presenting the structure
of a sea protest. Making up a sea protest
Discipline “Theory of Maneuvering”, code (38)
The subject “Theory of maneuvering” contains four basic parts: general theory of maneuvering,
determination of the elements of target ship’s movement (ETM), special tasks of maneuvering and
passing each other on safe distance of the ships in restricted visibility.
In part I the basic terms and determinations in the maneuvering, elements of maneuvering and
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position, applying of relative motion method during maneuvering of two ships.
In part II the methods for determining ETM.
In the part III, “Special tasks of maneuvering”, the questions for approaching to the object of
maneuver and deviation from it and questions of maneuvering during sailing in convoys are
treated.
The part IV treats the questions for maneuvering of the ships in restricted visibility for safe passing
with one, two and more targets with change of course, speed or both simultaneously, carrying out
and control of the maneuver until the completion of passing with the target.
Laboratorial exercises have purpose to form in the students the necessary practical habits for
solving the tasks of ships’ maneuvering on chart and on maneuvering board.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Basic terms, basic elements, relative motion;
• Determination of the elements of target movement (ETM);
• Special tasks of the maneuvering;
• Passing at safe distance in restricted visibility.
Discipline “Ship’s Operation And Cargo Handling, part 2”, code (39)
The subject deals with the education of the set of defined capabilities representing the transport
characteristics of cargo carried by sea. By this subject, the students from the specialty “Navigation”
study the rules for the carriage of goods by sea, ensuring that their consumer value is maintained.
There is taken attention for questions on the proper operation of ship’s technical equipment,
devices and mechanisms during loading and unloading operations as well as the safe handling,
distribution and securing of cargoes. Students gain the knowledge necessary to ensure safe and
unplanned sailing in the carriage of various types of cargo. As a result of the study of the subject,
students are able to make calculations of the ship’s cargo plan.
General sections of the content:
• Cargo care
• Equipment for handling cargo and safety
• Oil tanker handling systems and pumps
• Precautions before entering into the closed and pollution compartments areas
• Calculating the amount of cargo for the trip and drawing up the cargo plan
Discipline “Navigation II ”, code (40)
Students are trained in the theory and practice for determining the ship’s position and estimating
its accuracy by using classical visual aids, as well as by means of radar location, radar navigation
and satellite systems, having mastered the specific operation of the various aids and receiving
indicators, used to measure navigation parameters. They carry out schedules for planning the
ship’s voyage in narrows, coastal areas and ocean passages.
Basic sections:
• Determining the ship’s position by visually observed land marks.
• Classification of radar systems
• Determining ship’s position with radar stations
• Determining ship’s position by hydro acoustic means
• Determining ship’s position by radar bearing
• Determining ship’s position by hyperbolic radio systems
• Determining ship’s position with satellite
Discipline “Navigation Training, part 3”, code (41)
Navigation Training, part 3 is to take place only after successful completion of Navigation Training,
part 2 and after the second or third year of study. The main objective of this practice is to teach how
to perform the main duties and activities of the deck cadet and the naval officer. During this
Practice students participate in the work of the Deck Department and the navigational team on the
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bridge, carrying out specific tasks under the guidance of the ship’s Master or the officers designated
by him. At the end of this Practice students must know and be able to perform the duties of the deck
cadet, which is the first step in the professional development of navigational officers and the first
position to be taken by them upon graduation.
Primary topics in the training:
– Tank measurement
– Technical Maintenance of the Ship
– Maintenance of Lifesaving and Firefighting Equipment
– Deck Operations
– Mooring Operations
– Pilot Embarkation and Disembarkation Operations
– Port Operation and Cargo handling Operations.
– Watch keeping and Security Activities.
– Log keeping during a Sea Voyage.
– Navigation
Discipline “Navigation III”, code (42)
Students are trained for natural trials of sea going vessels, ensuring safety of navigation when
sailing in areas different in their navigation and hydro meteorological characteristics. Issues of
automated processing of navigational information are covered in detail, as well as those for
automation of vessel traffic control and automation of processes of vessel traffic separation. Having
completed their studies in the subject students should be able to know the basic models of
automated course reckoning of vessels, to work with ECDIS and AIS, to use systems for automated
regulation of vessel’s course and algorithms of ship’s control when passing by other vessels.
Basic sections:
• SECURING SHIP’S NAVIGATIONAL SAFETY
• SAILING IN CONDITIONS OF RESTRICTED VISIBILITY AND DRIFT ICE
• NAVIGATION IN HIGH LATITUDES
• SAILING ON INTERNAL WATER ROUTES
• NAVIGATIONAL SECURING WHEN SAILING IN EMERGENCIES AND AT SEARCH AND
RESCUE OPERATIONS.
• NATURAL TRIALS OF SHIPS
• AUTOMATION OF NAVIGATIONAL DATA PROCESSING.
• AUTOMATION OF SHIP’S MOVEMENT CONTROL..
• AUTOMATION OF PROCESSES OF SHIP’S PASSING BY OTHER VESSELS.
• TRANSFORMING SOME SHIP CONTROL PROBLEMS INTO ALGORITHMS.
• AUTOMATED SYSTEMS OF NAVIGATION AND SHIP CONTROL.
• AUTOMATION OF PROCESSES OF NAVIGATION BY MEANS OF ELECTRONIC CHARTS
Discipline “Usage of ECDIS and AIS”, code (43)
In the course ” Usage of ECDIS and AIS “, the essence of Electronic Navigation Charts (ENCs), ECIS
and all related standards is studied. Basic definitions and terminology associated with electronic
navigation cartography; All navigational marks in electronic charts; The methodology for
developing ENCs; Compilation of ENCs upon their introduction in ECIS, Working with ECIS;
Mistakes made in the development of electronic charts that impede their correct behavior when
they are introduced to ECIS; The mistakes of the cartographer that can mislead any captain. In the
course “Use of Electronic Charts and AIS” students should acquire the necessary theoretical
knowledge and practical skills to work with ECIS in order to be able to carry out safe navigation.
Students should be familiar with the types of electronic charts and standards, the contingency
marks and the system data, the basic navigation functions and settings, passage planning and
monitoring, the ways and procedures for updating ENCs and the limitations and dangers of
overreliance on working with ECIS.
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Students should be able to make system settings, to plan and monitor the passage, to analyze and
respond adequately to ECIS alerts and sensor signals, to assess adequately the accuracy of the
sensors for safe system use and evaluate the errors due to inaccurate data.
Main issues of the syllabus content :
• Marine navigation charts, paper navigation charts, vector and raster electronic navigation
charts (ENC and RNC), Electronic Charts Information System (ECIS) and Standards for their
development.
• Elements of ECDIS
• Navigation Watch using ECDIS
• ECDIS route, planning and observation
• Objects in ECDIS, Marine Charts and Systems. ECDIS responsibilities and assessment
Discipline “English, part 7 ”, code (44)
The subject aims to develop students’ skills and habits for working with, reading and understanding
meteorological information, symbols and abbreviations, weather warnings. Selected texts introduce
the specific terminology related to the various electronic aids to navigation. Emphasis is placed on
GMDSS incorporated in the Maritime English lessons: basic features of the system are explored;
students are introduced to distress, urgency and safety communication; MSI features are
introduced; students develop skills in reading comprehension and translation of texts related to
GMDSS; the specific terminology is discussed; examples of routine communication within GMDSS
are reviewed. The IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases are introduced for distress, search
and rescue, urgency and safety and routine communication. Students listen to and form dialogues
on the communication between ships with VTS centers. Work with technical texts is carried out
related to the shipboard maintenance and the operation and maintenance of navigation equipment
so that students can develop skills in reading comprehension of such texts. The syllabus complies
with the recommendations of IMO Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Meteorological Information
• Overview to Electronic Aids to Navigation
• GMDSS
• IMO SMCP covering emergency communication
• IMO SMCP covering routine communication
• Shipboard Maintenance. Operation and Maintenance of Navigational Equipment
Discipline “Radar Watch And Plotting”, code (45)
The subject Radar Watch and Plotting is carried out during laboratory exercises in three stages:
First stage – plotter solving of problems for obtaining TME, CPA,TCPA and passing clear of one, two
or three targets;
Second stage – use of the radar simulator for obtaining TME, CPA, TCPA and passing clear of one,
two or more targets, maneuver control and correction
Third stage – use of ARPA to ensure passing clear of one, two or more targets and navigation in
narrow waters.
Basic sections:
• Plotter solving of problems for passing at a safe distance;
• Use of the radar simulator for passing clear;
• Use of ARPA for passing clear.
Discipline “Ship’s Handling and Bridge Team Management and Teamwork”, code (46)
The purpose of the discipline is to introduce to the students the base principles of the ship’s
handling and the bridge team management. It is based on the requirements of STCW 1978/95
Convention, and IMO/ILO Documents for guidance, 1985, Section 3.6, as indicated in IMO Model
Course 7.03, Module 1, Paragraph 1 and Model Course 7.01, Paragraph 1.1 and 1.2. The discipline
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covers competency of Navigation at the operational level, in accordance with STCW Code A-II/1,
2010.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
– Ship’s Handling;
– Bridge Team Management;
Laboratory classes in Ship’s Handling
Discipline “Collision Regulations, part 1”, code (47)
The discipline target is to provide the required training as per Convention on the International
Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 – COLREGs ’72. In the result the students will be
able to analyze situations where a risk of collision exists and how to take a right decisions. The
teaching/training is carried out on a simulator. The discipline supports the following subjects
“Navigation”, “Theory of the maneuvering” and “Ship handling”.
Basic sections of the contents:
• General definitions connected with safety at sea;
• General definitions connected with lights and shapes
Discipline “English Simulator in Emergencies”, code (48)
Basic sections of the contents:
• Basics of the Standard Marine Communication Phrases (SMCP)
• International phonetic alphabet
• Maritime English communications in different types of extreme situations (emergencies) –
fire, explosion, flooding, grounding, sinking, search and rescue, etc., though use of SMCP
• Form of presentation: The studies content is presented in the form of practical exercises. In
addition students must do out-of-class work on the following topics: Man-over-board
communications; Piracy/armed robbery situation communications; Medical advice
communications. An optional of training – distant learning.
Discipline “Communications at Sea”, code (49)
Basic sections of the contents:
• Theoretical and technical basics of the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System
(GMDSS): international regulation of the maritime communications; types of stations and messages;
high-priority signals of special importance; radio equipment modes of operation; frequencies and
frequency bands in the Maritime Mobile Service and Maritime Mobile Satellite Service; types of
radio channels; modulation, classes of emission; radio waves propagation of the different frequency
bands; MF, HF and VHF ship radio equipment; ship antennae; ship radio station power supply,
batteries
• GMDSS subsystems and equipment: MF, HF and VHF equipment; DSC system; Telex over
Radio (NBDP) system; INMARSAT satellite system; COSPAS-SARSAT system, emergency radio
beacons (EPIRB); NAVTEX system and other systems for distribution of maritime safety
information (MSI); survival craft equipment; concept, composition, structure, functions and
capabilities of GMDSS. GMDSS equipment requirements
• Communication procedures for distress, urgency and safety situations
• Cancellation of false signals and messages
• Routine communications procedures
• Messages charging
• Certificates and other documentation of the ship radio station
• Radio Log and regulations for making records and keeping the log. Radio traffic accounting
• Duties of the radio operator on watch
• Search and Rescue actions and communications. IAMSAR
• Form of presentation: Form of presenting the studies contents: The studies contents is
presented in the form of lectures and practical exercises. The practical exercises in support of the
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lectures are conducted by use of simulators and real communications equipment, using the proper
procedures and ship documentation. These exercises are aimed at consolidation of the theoretical
knowledge and working-out steady skills for organization and conducting the ship’s
communications. In addition students are assigned tasks for individual self-preparation with the
objective to extend and make deeper their knowledge and skills affiliated with topics of the subject
of key importance.
Discipline “ GMDSS”, code (50)
The discipline covers the main technical part, regulations and procedures for communications, as
described in IMO model course 1.25 “General Operator’s Certificate for GMDSS”. The tuition is
based on discipline “Marine communications” which contains main theoretical basis of the GMDSS.
Main issues of the syllabus content:
– Introduction in GMDSS. International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, SOLAS 74 as
amended. General purpose, functions and structure of GMDSS;
– Ship’s transceivers for medium, high and ultrahigh waves (MF/HF/VHF);
– Digital Selective Calling (DSC);
– Radio telex – NBDP;
– Inmarsat system;
– COSPAS-SARSAT system. Emergency radio buoys (ERIRB);
– NAVTEX system and other systems for transmitting marine safety information (MSI);
– Specific characteristics and requirements for GMDSS;
– Purpose and methods for use of the ship’s reporting systems;
– Tests of the radio equipment. Cancelling of a false distress alert;
– Distress, Urgency, Safety and Route Communication procedures;
– Messages and radio traffic charges;
– Certificates and documents of ship’s radio station;
– Search and Rescue operations. IAMSAR.
Discipline “English, part 8 ”, code (51)
The course aims at discussing typical actions during accidents as well as emergency onboard
procedures, enriching the terminological knowledge of students, developing reading
comprehension skills and translation of selected specialized texts on the subject. Emphasis is placed
on familiarizing students with the IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases in relation to
safety on board. The structure and purpose of the IMO conventions and codes as well as the
purposes and procedures of the Port State Control are discussed. Students are trained to read and
write letters, emails and faxes related to cargo-handling operations, developing practical skills for
ship`s correspondence. The IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases on passenger care on
board passenger ships are reviewed. The syllabus complies with the recommendations of IMO
Model Course 3.17 Maritime English.
Basic sections of the contents:
• Emergency Responses on Ships. Emergency Procedures
• Brief Introduction to IMO Conventions and Codes. Port State Control
• Revision of Tenses for Making up Ship’s Correspondence
• Explaining the Structure of Writing Letters, E-Mails, Faxes
• Reading Samples and Writing Ship’s Correspondence
• IMO SMCP for passenger care
Discipline “Collision Regulations, part 2”, code (52)
The discipline target is to provide the required training as per Convention on the International
Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea, 1972 – COLREGs ’72. In the result the students will be
able to analyze situations where a risk of collision exists and how to take a right decisions. The
teaching/training is carried out on a simulator. The discipline supports the following subjects
ANNOTATIONS – NAVG
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“Navigation”, “Theory of the maneuvering” and “Ship handling”.
Basic sections of the contents:
• General definitions connected with safety at sea;
• General definitions connected with lights and shapes